Reader noted the history of the Arabian Peninsula, and for long periods has been embraced by many schools of thought in Islamic schools in most regions due mainly to be incubator of urbanization and Islamic holy places to all Muslims. Beyond a certain stage is exceptional, The regions of the Hijaz, Ahsa specific models of social coexistence and religious pluralism in spite of the many intellectual and ideological trends therein. The school played religious legitimacy and workshops play an important role in the development of comparative religious studies curricula and create a state of harmony and tolerance among the followers of different faiths. where religious Calvetia positions and the judiciary is usually the measurement of efficiency and social acceptance before it is based on favoritism and religious classification.
Despite the existence of seven Islamic doctrines in the Saudi-Sunni sects in addition to the four Shia Alathnaashrih and Ziadieh and Ismailia-existence was acknowledged at the inception of the modern state of Saudi Arabia, However, the past few decades has been marked by a state of fanaticism and religious rigidity became governor in each finger Saudi society. This resulted in an intellectual trends fiercely fought both intellectual and religious schools in the community.
Could Kingdom to keep an ideal model in the Islamic world to highlight religious tolerance and religious pluralism illustrated its forms and manifestations, through presence of natural doctrines Almtaadh Vbha and give legitimacy to the movement, But the growth of religious stringency reverse the picture completely. Even worse, the proliferation of religious intolerance in other Islamic societies become linked in one way or another, is based in the United Kingdom, where the spread of ideas and introduced stringent birth these communities in sectarian conflicts and intellectual Mitschenjeh distant from each dimension.
It seems that there are signs of a new review of the crisis of the various aspects, especially by a group of intellectuals joined by various schools of thought and by official bodies and the search for appropriate means of dealing with the damage created by these intellectual crisis at the local level and globally.
Features contemporary crisis :
Can be monitored beginning of contemporary tension in the relationship between the followers of Islamic schools in Saudi Arabia to the stage of building a modern state and reorganization in the 1960s, Christmas, where tide Salafi grown in a broad sense, and accordingly began waning effectiveness of other cultural trends on the national scene. This led naturally to a state of insularity and a contraction in these doctrines because of the absence of opportunities that can help to correct the prevailing stereotypes about them.
Religious trends worked hard to recruit all the possibilities available to them to strengthen their positions and trying to push towards the relationship with other sectarian tendencies and limiting their freedom to exist. It was Asem many national projects to serve these purposes, even those which were aimed at promoting national integration, These include educational curricula and programmes of different mass media, religious institutions, and other charitable centres. This resulted in the emergence of behaviours and social practices of intolerance and discrimination against both disagreed with the trend line in the absence of any legal protection.
Has resulted in the mobilization and constant incitement derogating from the other disputed school and the pursuit of exclusion, a sense of victory and strength of the hard-line attitudes and negative recruitment orientations sons one community against each other. And the transformation of religious affiliation - where individuals with limited options-to measure the credibility of citizenship and loyalty to the political system, Instead of the customary considerations in the relationship between society and the system.
It is certainly the case that the spread of violence and rootedness in Saudi society based on the successive events came as a natural result of this state of religious intolerance, and the spread of systematic exclusion and the exclusion of others and the failure to recognize their right to exist, participation and co-existence.
Reading Shiite crisis :
It can be said that citizens Shiites in Saudi Arabia have been more than others the implications of this methodology exclusionary. Because of doctrinal differences and the absence of clear legislation governing the relationship between the parties to the community. Having realized intellectuals Shiites since the early damage caused by these developments in our society. They felt that the remedy lies in the affirmation of the principles of coexistence based on citizenship, and the promotion of mutual respect would relieve moderate hardening sectarian, communal tension in the Kingdom. As required of a cultural and intellectual approach to address this problem in all its dimensions, The Etrha within a national project away from the rhetoric and auctions and different historical projections.
The first signs of this project lectures by Sheikh Hassan al-Saffar season taboo from the years 1408 - 1409, e published in book form is important under the rubric of "pluralism and freedom in Islam" by Dar statement Arab 1410 e, where the author of this book, the issues of pluralism and religious freedom and the multiplicity of sects and called for retribution against intolerance and sectarianism and intellectual terrorism. Sheikh Fazel continued in his writings and lectures in this area since then, pure and boldness to this day, Rather, it created a similar real-perception theory and the practical question of the relationship between the followers of Islamic sects, at least at the level of the Kingdom.
There is no doubt that the opening of some educators Shiites in Saudi airspace scientific religious in both Iraq and Lebanon in the late 1980s Christmas, Astellhamhm experiences and personalities temperate and open there, most certainly contributed to the consolidation of this trend have. Has passed both gentlemen Christmas Zaki, Mohamed Mahfouz magazine "floor" in the autumn of 1413, e managed to enhance the issues of dialogue, human rights, social peace and the building of civil society, It issued a book about Muslim-Muslim dialogue in which many intellectuals and writers. Author Zaki Christmas in a book written many e 1414 under the title of "unity, pluralism and dialogue in contemporary Islamic discourse," Mohamed Mahfouz also issued a book valuable e 1418 under the title "Parents and the State : a statement for keeping the community." In addition, also wrote Sheikh Abdullah Yousif 1416 e book titled "legitimate difference : Tasilih systematic study of the other view, " As a Sheikh Mohammed Hassan Allioat books in this area bear the title "social rehabilitation" e 1414.